William A. Dwiggins
William A. Dwiggins – born 19. 6. 1880 in Martinsville, USA, died 25. 12. 1956 in Hingham, Massachusetts, USA – type designer, printer, typographer, graphic designer – studied at the Frank Holme School of Illustration in Chicago under Frederic W. Goudy.
- 1903–04: Runs his own printing workshop in Cambridge, Ohio.
- 1905–16: Commercial artist in Hingham, Massachusetts.
- 1917–18: Director of Harvard University Press.
- 1919: Founds the Society of Calligraphers in Boston and is their president and sole member.
- 1922: He is the first to use the term "graphic designer".
- 1923: Over the years, Dwiggins designs over 300 book covers for his friend Alfred A. Knopf’s publishing firm.
- 1928: Produces his first type designs for Mergenthaler-Linotype, whom he works with for 27 years.
- 1929: Is awarded a gold medal by the American Institute of Graphic Arts (AIGA).