The Folio™ font family is a sans serif typeface created in 1957 by Konrad Bauer and Walter Baum for the Bauer Type Foundry in Frankfurt, Germany. Its design was based heavily on earlier sans serif fonts, namely the Akzindenz-Grotesk™ font family released by the Berthold Type Foundry in 1896.
When Akzindenz-Grotesk, designed by Günter Gerhard Lange, was released by the Berthold Type Foundry in 1896, it quickly became used in a variety of mediums, going on to become the first popular sans serif typefaces. Its design is theorized to have been based on the Didot or Walbaum fonts as when the serifs of these earlier typefaces are removed, similar metrics present themselves.
In the nineteen fifties, a series of new fonts – known as neo-grotesque – began to be designed, based on the earlier nineteenth century grotesque (or grotesk) faces. Adrian Frutiger’s various fonts (including the Univers™ font family) and the 1960 Helvetica™ font family by Max Miedinger (originally released as Neue Haas Grotesk in 1957) all drew inspiration from Akzindenz-Grotesk.
It has been said, however, that Folio is perhaps the most strikingly similar font face to Akzindenz-Grotesk. Though there are differences, there are also comparisons to be made, particularly between letters such as the uppercase “G,” as well as the overall X height of both typefaces.
When Folio was introduced into the United States, it experienced success despite its formidable typographic rivals. A cold press version was released by Hell AG and later, in 1963, the font was given a Bold Condensed width and an Extra Bold weight, rendering it one of the most diverse typefaces of its time.
Linotype: Folio Font Family
Because of its versatility and expanded font set, Folio has found constant employment as a newspaper display face. Its legibility in even very small font sizes has proven a very useful asset in both digital and print design, particularly in advertising.
The Turkish sea-protection charity Turmepa used the font in an advertising campaign urging citizens to help protect the oceans. Additionally, Folio’s ancestor, Akzindenz-Grotesk is the official typeface (along with the Georgia™ font family) of the Red Cross and all publications made are set in either font.
Folio – and other fonts associated with the Bauer Type Foundry – were almost never produced by Bauer because of an assumption by the Bauer company administration that type founding (and not typesetting) would become an automated process. The results of this blunder became apparent when, at the end of the nineteenth century, the firm found itself almost bankrupt. Georg Hartmann subsequently took over the company and ensured its survival. After several takeovers (including one by the Frankfurt based Flinsch foundry in 1916), all activities were transferred to a former subsidiary company, Fundición Tipográfica Neufville (based in Barcelona), which still owns the rights to many font faces at this time.
Licenses for desktop fonts
A typical desktop font EULA will allow you to install the font on your computer for use with authoring tools including word processors, design tools and other applications that permit font selection. Fonts can also be used for creation of print documents, static images (JPEG, TIFF, PNG) and logos. The cost of a desktop font license is determined by the number of workstations on which the font is to be used.View the desktop EULA for this family
Licenses for Fonts.com Web Fonts subscriptions
The Fonts.com Web Fonts license provides access to a selection of fonts for use on websites for use with CSS@font-face. Font delivery from our global network is available through all subscriptions – even our free plan. Some plans include the option to self-host, access to desktop fonts, and use of our FontExplorer X font manager and Typecast design application. The price of a plan is determined by its pageview allowance and other features included.View the Fonts.com Web Fonts subscription license agreement
Licenses for mobile apps
A mobile app license permits the embedding of the font into the iOS, Android or Windows RT mobile platforms. Licenses are platform-specific meaning a separate license is required for each platform the font is embedded into. Licenses remain valid for the total operating life of the app and a new license is not required to cover free updates to the app.Learn more about licenses for mobile apps
Licenses for electronic publications (eBooks)
An electronic publication license can be used for the embedding of fonts into electronic documents including e-books, e-magazines and e-newspapers. A license covers only a single title but is valid for the full operating life of that title. Every issue of an e-magazine, e-newspaper or other form of e-periodical is considered a separate, new publication. Format variations do not count as separate publications. If a publication is updated and distributed to existing users, a new license is not required. However, updated versions issued to new customers are defined as new publications and require a separate license.Learn more about licenses for eBooks
Server licenses authorize the installation of a font on a server that is accessed by remote users or website visitors. These licenses are commonly used by Web-based businesses providing goods that are personalized by its users such as business cards, images with captions and personalized merchandise. Users are not allowed to download the font file and the font may not be used outside the server environment. The font may not be employed for a software as a service (SaaS) application in which the service is the actual product and not the means of providing the product. Server licenses cover a set number of CPU cores on production servers (development servers are not counted) on which the font is installed. The license is valid for 1 year.Learn more about server licenses