On further examination, Kobayashi found these same traits in even older faces, particularly 19th century English advertising types. Assuming the spirit of these diverse sources into himself (one typeface in particular, Miller & Richard's Caledonian Italic, was quite influential) Kobayashi drew Cosmiqua.
Cosmiqua is an amalgamation of the French cosmique," meaning cosmic, and "Antiqua," the German term for serif type. In other words, this is a cosmic serif face; a typeface for the future, as the future was seen in the 1950s.
Kobayashi first drew the Italic weights of Cosmiqua, refining his favorite lowercase forms (x and y), as well as creating sublime ball terminals on the A and N. Only later did he move on to the upright, Roman forms. Although Cosmiqua was originally conceived for display uses, it is a serviceable text face as well.
Cosmiqua has five weights, each with an Italic (Light, Regular, Semibold, Bold, and Heavy)."