A classification of typefaces with somewhat varying meanings, depending on the type classification system in use. In the Vox and ATypI systems, refers to French typefaces of the sixteenth century. In the British Standards System, defined as typefaces with greater stroke contrast than those of Humanist designs, with a diagonal axis to curved strokes and a horizontal cross-stroke on the lowercase e. See also Humanist.
In information processing, according to AFII (the Association for Font Information Interchange), an abstract graphic symbol independent of any specific tangible form or typeface design. Includes letters, ligatures, numerals, ideographs, punctuation marks, diacritics, symbols, and other shapes. Used in information processing where the traditional typographic term character is redefined as an abstract symbol or an instruction (such as form feed or line ending) that is defined by a nonprinting computer code. Some sources also use glyph in an opposite sense from AFII's definition, in other words, they define a glyph as any specific tangible image of a graphic symbol. In a more traditional dictionary definition, a glyph is a symbolic figure or character; alternately, a symbol that conveys information nonverbally.
Traditionally, a black-letter typeface, however, this term also sometimes refers to a specific sub-category of black-letter typefaces, the gothic-antiqua designs. In the U.S., gothic also sometimes refers to sans serif typefaces based on sans serif designs created during the nineteenth century; many authors have theorized that this is because the sans serif designs reminded printers of black-letter typefaces. See also black letter, sans serif.
See alignment line.